Follow these rose propagation instructions for How To Propagate roses of your own!
Not all roses are suitable for stem propagation. Hybrids teas are not. They need to be grafted onto sturdy rootstock.
Old Garden roses, Ramblers, Climbers, and even Miniatures,usually root well. Rose propagating is the practice of taking soft wood cuttings from one plant, and rooting it to create a new, identical plant.
The best time for propagating stem cuttings is right after the flower has faded.
Note: It is illegal to propagate a rose that is patented. The patten expires in 17-20 years. After that time, it is o.k. to multiply them.You need to know the age of the rose to know when it was introduced and patented.
* Sharp Pruning Shears
*A glass jar or other suitable container filled with tepid water
* Pots filled with soil-less mix(planting mix) Moistened, but not sloppy wet.
* Plastic Bags, plastic wrap, or plastic bottles with the tops removed.
* Plant markers (in case you do several different ones, you will know which is which!)
Take a cutting from a stem that has a faded flower on it. Cut at an angle, a piece of stem the thickness of a pencil, 4-6 inches long. This stem should have 3-4 bud nubs on it.
Take several cuttings from each plant, some may not take.
Remove the flower, and the bottom leaves. Leave the top two leaves.
Dip the bottom end of your cutting into the water, then dip it into the rooting hormone powder. (rooting hormone powder is readily available at any garden center or department store. It is relatively inexpensive)Shake off excess powder, you don't want to much on the stem!
Using your finger or the end of a stick or pencil,make a hole in the soil of the pot that your new plant will grow.
Gently press the cutting into the hole and (plant) it in the pot.
Use your marker to identify the plant.
To prevent 'Dampening Off' Use the recipe below to water the cuttings!
Place the plastic container, or plastic bag over the pot. This will make a little mini-green house for your plant. Set the plant in bright light, but not direct Sun.
Every few days, remove the plastic top for a few minutes to let air circulate, to prevent disease. After several weeks, test the cutting for signs of root growth.
Obvious signs that your rose propagating effort has rooted would be new leave growth.
Gently tug at the cutting. If it offers resistance, new roots are growing. If it pulls out of the soil,you will have to wait several more weeks for roots to grow.
If you have growth, remove the plastic top, water lightly. Place the plant in the sun and allow to grow for a bit, watering as needed,before planting.
Recipe for Success!
Organic recipe using Chamomile Tea;(Helps keep away fungus so cuttings don't rot.)
Boil 1 cup of water, remove from heat and stir in 2 teaspoons of dried chamomile flowers. Steep the brew for at least an hour. (Or until it is room temperature)
Strain the liquid, and use it to water the cuttings, and lightly spraying the soil.
If you have lots of cuttings to start, mix up a bigger batch; use 1 quart of water to 1 cup of dried flowers. The stronger the mix is; the better!
When your Rose Propagation efforts are successful, learn how to plant them in the garden. It could take from 2-6 weeks for your cuttings to root.
In the North, if it is late fall, you should wait until the following spring to plant your new rose bush.
In the South, transplant to your garden, but protect the plant by mounding soil around them.Use these Plant Marker Labels to identify the plant.