Ready to start planting Roses in your rose garden? Follow these tips for planting your bare root, or container roses. This guide for planting your roses will help you get started.
Make sure the rose bush you want to plant will thrive in your planting zone. There is simply no point trying to grow a plant that will not survive (and thrive) in your climate zone!
Not sure what zone you're in? Check here and Enter your zip code to find your zone.
Follow these garden planting tips,for planting a garden of roses. The best time to plant roses depends on where you live. In cold Northern climates VERY early spring is best. In the south, planting roses in winter, between mid December and mid February is recommended.
Roses can be planted at any time of the year, but the earlier the better, because it allows the bush to become established before winter.
Find out what is the best soil for Roses
Once you have your spot chosen to plant your roses, prepare the bed in advance.
The best way to prepare the bed for planting is with a Rotto Tiller!
I've had mine for several years now, and I can honestly say they are the best!! My hubby has a big one that he does our (very large) vegetable garden with every year, but I wanted one I could handle. So, I ordered a small one, and I LOVE it!! But if you don't have a tiller, you can always dig the bed by hand with a shovel.
If not you will have to amend the soil. When planting in soil that does not drain well, the roots drown and rot.
Carry this pail out to the garden and keep the bush in it until you plant it!
If the bush is exposed to excess wind, the roots will dry out , and your rose will not do well!
**The single most important factor when planting roses....
No matter what size the plant is when you plant it, the planting hole should be 24 inches wide by 24 inches deep!
I know this seems really big, but by loosening up this soil, the new feeder roots have plenty of room to grow, thus resulting in a beautiful bush!
Tips for Planting a Garden of Roses : Fertilizing
The only Rose fertilizer you need at planting time is to mix 1/3 peat moss or compost, or a bit of both,with the top 2/3 of soil from the hole. The soil from the bottom is generally not very fertile,so discard it.
How to Fertilize when planting roses
To get the bush off to a good start, and help the roses grow to their best, I always mix a cup of bone meal with a quarter cup of superphosphate, and add that to the planting hole, but no other fertilizer.
Putting a layer of rotted cow or horse manure on the bottom of
the hole is good also, but do not put it up near the roots of the plant. (It could burn them)
When the manure is on the bottom of the hole, the roots won't reach it for a year, by that time it will be aged and ready to give a boost to your new plant!
How do you plant roses that are bare root?
The soil mound should remain until new growth begins on the plant. When buds are a quarter of an inch in length, gently remove the mound. Be sure to give your rose bush plenty of water.
To test the ground to see if you need to water or not, push your finger down into the ground into the soil as far as you can,if it is dry down there, the roots need water!
The best way to water is to soak the ground around the plant. A good soaking of water is best. A light sprinkle of water is not good for the plant.Wetting the ground around the plant does nothing! Deep watering forces the roots to grow down deeper searching for water.
Watering in the morning is best, but if not possible, any time is better than not watering at all!!
The most effective way to conserve moisture after planting is to apply a mulch on top of the soil to a thickness of 3-4 inches. Mulch is good for many reasons:
(roses like a cooler soil, they grow better)
Any organic matter can be used for mulch. Shredded bark, Leaves, Pine Needles, Wood chips. Most coarse organic matter will do.
For established rose plants, the
best garden mulch
is a mixture of straw and rotted cow manure, which will also act as a fertilizer.
When planting the roses that are potted, it is not necessary to build a mound or cone, as you would when planting bare root roses.
To plant a potted rose bush:
Dig your VERY BIG hole, following the above instructions,remove the plant from its container, trying not to disturb the cylinder of soil around the bush.
Plant the potted rose at the same level that the bush was previously growing.
Water well! Don't underestimate the mature size of your new rose bush!
It may look small when you get it, but it won't stay that way for long.
Don't crowd the plants by planting them closer than they should be.
Don't expect to much from your rose bush the first year, give it a couple of seasons, and you'll be amazed at what it will grow into if you give it the proper care!